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Cold Wave Advisory

Chandigarh : Due to prevailing cold wave in this region during this month it has become imperative to keep public informed about precautions to tackle cold wave. A cold wave is a weather related event characterized by sharp drop of air temperature near the surface, leading to extremely low values of temperatures, steep rise of air pressure, strengthening of windspeed or associated with hazardous weather like frost and icing. Homeless, elderly, economically disadvantaged, disabled, pregnant or lactating mothers, women, children, outdoor workers and farmers are the vulnerable groups during cold wave.   Do's 1. Follow weather information and emergency procedure information closely and act as advised. 2. Stay indoors as much as possible and minimize travel to prevent exposure to cold wind and conserve heat. 3. The elderly age group people with respiratory & heart related ailments must avoid early morning walk in cold conditions. They should stay indoors but must stay active. Handy exercises are essential for body to work smoothly. 4. Children must avoid playing outside in cold weather conditions. Indoor exercises must be done by them. 5. Wear multiple layers of loose fitting, lightweight, windproof warm woollen clothing rather than one layer of heavy clothing. Tight clothing reduces blood circulation. 6. Keep yourself dry. If wet, then cover your head, neck, hands and toes adequately as the majority of heat loss occurs through these body parts. 7. Prefer mittens over gloves. Mittens provide more warmth and insulation from cold, as fingers share their warmth and expose less surface area to the cold. 8. Use hats and mufflers to prevent heat loss, Wear insulated/waterproof shoes. 9. Eat healthy food to maintain the equilibrium of body temperature. 10. Eat fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C to maintain adequate immunity. 11. Drink hot fluids regularly, as this will maintain body heat to fight cold. 12. Moisture your skin regularly with oil, petroleum jelly or body cream. 13. Take care of elderly people and children. Check on neighbours who live alone and are elderly about their well-being. 14. Store essential supplies as per requirement. Store adequate water as pipes may freeze. 15. Follow the guide on heat insulation for non-industrial buildings and take necessary preparedness measures. 16. Prolonged exposure to cold can turn skin to pale, hard and numb, and black blisters on exposed body parts such as fingers, toes, nose and/ or earlobes. Immediately consult the doctor. 17. Watch out for symptoms of frostbite like numbness, white or pale appearance on fingers, toes, ear lobes and the tip of the nose, while exposed to cold waves. Treat the areas affected by frostbite in warm (not hot) water (the temperature should be comfortable to touch for unaffected parts of the body). 18. Severe exposure to cold wave can lead to Hypothermia, a decrease in body temperature which can cause shivering, difficulty in speaking, sleepiness, stiff muscles, heavy breathing, weakness and/or loss of consciousness. Hypothermia is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention. 19. Seek medical attention as soon as possible for someone suffering from Hypothermia/Frostbite. 20. Consult a doctor for symptoms of running/stuffy nose particularly during of COVID-19 pandemic. 21. Download NDMA's mobile application: First Aid for Students and Teachers (FAST) for information on first aid. 22. Move pet-animals indoors. Protect livestock or domestic animals from cold weather by moving them inside.   Don’ts 1. Avoid prolonged exposure to cold. 2. Do not ignore shivering. It is the first sign that the body is losing heat-get indoors. 3. Do not drink alcohol. It reduces your body temperature and increases the risk of hypothermia. 4. Do not massage the frostbitten area. This can cause more damage. 5. Do not give the affected person any fluids unless fully alert. 6. Do not leave a fire unattended it can be hazar

Cold Wave Advisory
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